The yellow fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti), it was just discovered, besides the chikungunya virus, also spreads dengue fever and zika virus infections. According to the Health Secretary, Dr. Sergio Cortes and other experts, all three diseases present with quite similar symptoms: body aches, a high fever, pain behind the eyes, sore muscles, and many red spots on the skin.
Having two new viruses that are spread by the same mosquito, brings about the importance of finding ways to perceive differences in the diseases. Dengue fever is distinguishable by pain behind the eyes and general muscle pain. By contrast, the zika virus produces itching in the eye sockets and very red eyes. The chikungunya virus produces intense pain in all the joints. Studies are being conducted to determine whether a patient can contract more than one of these diseases at a time.
Dr. Cortes points out that there is no remedy, no antiviral drug, or any vaccination to prevent these diseases. Yet, he says there is ongoing research to find an effective treatment. At the moment, the only treatment is re-hydration of the victims. When necessary, hydration treatment can be done intravenously. Along with hydration, patients must take complete rest for no less than 5 days, to restore vigor. An experimental vaccine was developed and is awaiting approval of the National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa). The first doses will be administered to some 17,000 volunteers. Dr. Cortes says the vaccine looks to be 80% effective at fighting 4 types of dengue fever. However, it has yet to be approved. In the meantime the best prevention is the eradication and blocking of mosquito from breeding, stress the experts.
As a medical doctor, Health Secretary Cortes is a specialist in preventing and treating chronic back pain. He uses a holistic approach to help his patients overcome and prevent chronic back pain through special movement exercises that produce good posture, which is the enemy of chronic back pain. Dr. Cortes has instructed the State Department of Health to put Epidemiological Surveillance teams out into the field to work to stop the spread of disease, such as leptospirosis, dengue fever, hepatitis A, and diarrhea.